Hidden figures

The movie hidden figures is about three African-American woman who worked as mathematicians for NASA during their first space program. At that time access of technology was really small, and today our toasters have more technology then computers at the time. Kathrine Johnson (Taraji P. Henson), Mary Jackson (Janelle Monae) and Dorothy Vaughan (Octavia Spencer) fight the segregation in the sixties, as well with the discrimination of women. We se that there are different toilets, coffee cans and bus seats for coloured and white people.

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John Glenn and Friendship 7, before take off.

John Glenn was an American astronaut who were the first American to orbit around the earth, three times. He was a aviator and senator as well, he served as a fighting pilot in world war II and Korea. He was the fifth person i space and was there for almost five hours. When he flew the Friendship 7, he was supposed to fly seven times around the world in orbit. Dew to technical issues, he had to lad after three rounds. He became a national hero and received a ticker-tape parade in New York City. In 1990 he was included the U.S Astronaut Hall of fame. He was also the oldest person to fly in space in 1998. At a age of 77 years old NASA sent the senator to space, becoming his second time in space.

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John Glenn on his second space mission in 1998.

After the mission on sending one of the Mercury seven to circle around the earth in orbit, all of the women got good jobs. Kathrine continued working for NASA as a calculator. Without her the Apollo II and space shutter program would not succeed. She received the presidential medal of freedom in 2015, from President Obama. Mary Jackson became the first female black aerospace engineer and worked for NASA for 34 years. She wrote the book hidden figures and fought for women rights during her career. She passed in 2005 at the age on 83. Dorothy Vaughan passed away in 2010, 98 years old. During her career she became the first black supervisor in NASA, she worked at NASA for 28 years.

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Kathrine Johnson (Taraji P. Henson), Mary Jackson (Janelle Monae) Dorothy Vaughan (Octavia Spencer)

Sources: 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Glenn

http://www.imdb.com/title/tt4846340/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katherine_Johnson

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Jackson_(engineer)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorothy_Vaughan

Lack of education in developing countries

There are several developing countries in todays world, most of these are located in Africa and Asia. There is no coincidence that these countries also have higer death rate, less educated people, higher child morality and a lower mean age. Some countries are considered being a developing country because of the bad economy or politics. We usually think of developing countries as the poorest countries with no water and where kids raises their siblings. In a country where all of this is fine, but the government is corrupt or unfair can be considered a developing country. The definition of a developing country is often discussed, because it indicates countries to follow the western economic developing. Countries like Cuba and Bhutan dosen’t support this, and is then considered a developing country.

One thing everyone agree on is that education is the first solution for developing countries either way. In most of these countries school costs a lot of money, which indicates that they can’t afford. Illiteracy is highest a
mong women. In 20 developing countries 70% of the women can’t read or write. By giving girls and women an education, their position in society gets stronger.Educated women are less likely to be exposed to human trafficking and is less likely to get HIV. Most of them marry later as well and have fewer kids. It will also help them raise their children, and they live longer to help them with their education. UNICEF educated 2300 female teachers in Nigeria in 2011, so young girls can have female role models at schools. This made it easier and more inspiring for them to go to school.

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A_82640094_schoolyears549t school they don’t learn the same as we in Norway do. They learn about things they need in their everyday life, like agriculture, nutrition and farming. This way they can grow food and feed their families. It can improve the child morality and mean age rate. Education is also the key to improving the health standards. If they learn about vitamins they need during pregnancy, clean water, diseases and sanitation it can keep them healthier and help them live longer. Learning about sanitation can reduce the spread of diseases, which will help on the mean age.

 

Sources: 

https://www.childfund.org/about-us/education/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Developing_country

https://academicexchange.wordpress.com/2014/03/06/15-facts-on-education-in-developing-countries/

https://www.unicef.no/nyheter/1098/utdanning-utjevner-forskjeller